Posts by Sarah


Since just about my first day at Wycliffe, I’ve wanted to find a good format for passing along some of the theological treasure I discover all the time in my studies here. I spend most of my days intensively reading theologians of every stripe, many of whose words invest my study here with an aura not only academic, but profoundly devotional and often wildly adventurous in nature.

Whether its Luther thundering down the centuries about grace, or Hans urs von Balthasar casting his splendid vision of a theology founded on beauty, I almost daily stumble over words that seem to reset my understanding of, oh, everything, or grip me with a challenge to faith, or simply refresh my eyes so that I perceive Christ at play in the world in countless ways.

I rarely have the time to write a full post about these gems. I’m too busy turning in research papers on them instead. But the need to share their soul-shaping splendor endures.

Thus, I welcome you to a new series of weekly(ish) posts: Theological Thursdays.

They won’t be long or involved, but each will feature a theologian I’m loving (or wrestling with, or perhaps even questioning) with a few brief facts, a snippet or two of my own thoughts, and the main fare: my favorite quotes culled from the reading of that week.

In this way, I hope to begin to give out a little of the richness I have been so generously offered here. You know, when I came to Wycliffe, I didn’t intend to stay more than a year. But within two weeks of delving into the core ideas of my own faith, I realized that theology changes everything. In studying the creeds, I realized how easy it is to embrace half heresies without even knowing it. In studying Incarnation, I felt as if I had come to faith all over again as I realized the all-encompassing redemption of Christ invading every aspect of human existence. (This is the book I want to write next!) In reading Rowan Williams on theology and language, I encountered a realm of study in which mystery met imagination, reason tangoed with revelation, all of it expressed through the artistry and diligence of people who gave their whole lives to learning about God, I was hooked. I was revived. I felt called afresh to Christ. I just can’t keep that splendor to myself.

So welcome to Theological Thursday. (And let me just say I’d be tickled if the posts spark conversation. Your comments and thoughts and favorite theologians will be most welcome in return. Just sayin’.)

bonhoeffer-1We’ll begin with the subject of my essay this week: Dietrich Bonhoeffer, pastor, writer, and martyr. He is best known for his book The Cost of Discipleship in which he condemns the ‘cheap grace’ of churches that define grace as justification for sin, rather than total renewal and transformation ‘of the sinner’. Bonhoeffer looked at the Sermon on the Mount and saw Christ’s commands as a ‘call’ that every single person is required to encounter in the individuality of their own soul. That call provokes decision; we obey or we turn away, and if we obey, we are called into a moment by moment encounter of Christ who calls us afresh to action, to love, to work in every moment of our lives.

I must be honest and confess that when I first read Discipleship I didn’t love it. I found it convicting, immediate, but somewhat blunt, sere, hard. I recognized its power, and knew it was the passionate plea of a pastor resisting the coming darkness of the Nazi regime, but I felt a bit intimidated by this ‘tyrannical’ (Bonhoeffer’s own word to describe himself) German. Until I started this research paper and delved into the letters and papers Bonhoeffer wrote while in a Nazi prison, condemned to death for a conspiracy to assassinate Hitler (I’m afraid I don’t have time to get into the ethics of a pastor plotting murder- but read Discipleship or his Ethics and you’ll have somewhere to begin in understanding his thought). The Bonhoeffer I encountered there was a profoundly sensitive, insightful, compassionate man whose deep passion for Christ and determination to act rightly drove him to radical and ultimate conclusions.

In prison, Bonhoeffer questioned everything he knew, not in a despairing way, but in such a way as to test every idea he’d held about Christ before. He made his prison cell into a monastic cell, keeping prayer times daily, reading constantly, writing to those he loved, caring for other prisoners. Even as he wrote a poem in which he questioned who he was – the doubter who feared loss or the man whom everyone saw as strong and full of faith – he was described by a fellow prisoner almost as seeming to have ‘a halo of light round his head – his soul really shone in the dark desperation of our prison’ (S. Payne Best).

I think this was because in the waiting, yearning, and grey confines of his prison cell he came to a profound understanding of the way in which Christ makes himself weak in order to save us. He saw, in an even more immediate way, that the call to discipleship by Christ is a summons to share in that profound reversal of worldly values that we see at the Cross. It is to join Christ in his suffering, and in his love for the world. As Bonhoeffer’s friend Eberhard Bethge said:

The belief in the power of weakness was one of Bonhoeffer’s most basic insights, and he was to hold to it throughout his theological life. In the interpretation of the weak Word we are close to the profoundest thought ever expressed by Bonhoeffer: discipleship as participation in Christ’s sufferings for others, as communion with the Crucified. 

What this meant to Bonhoeffer is summed up in his words here:

…blessing means laying one’s hand on something and saying ‘despite everything you belong to God’. This is what we do with the world that inflicts such suffering on us. We do not abandon it; we do not repudiate, despise, or condemn it. Instead we call it back to God, we give it hope, we lay our hand on it and say: may God’s blessing come upon you, may God renew you; be blessed, world created by God, you belong to your Creator and Redeemer.’

I may just have teared up in a coffee shop while reading those words. I hope you feel a bit of their beauty as well.

Books to begin:

The Cost of Discipleship by Dietrich Bonhoeffer

Life Together by Dietrich Bonhoeffer (written regarding the community he founded at Finkenwalde)

Letters and Papers from Prison by Dietrich Bonhoeffer

Dietrich Bonhoeffer 1906-1945: Martyr, Thinker, Man of Resistance by Ferdinand Schlingensiepen

Bundesarchiv_Bild_183-R0211-316,_Dietrich_Bonhoeffer_mit_Schülern

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The World is a Wedding Renewed

The World is a Wedding Renewed


Posted By on Aug 1, 2016

I’m in the clack and clatter of a Starbucks in the middle of small-town Oxfordshire. I’ve ducked in to grab a few minutes of internet for the answering of insistent emails and the googling of a few notes on Dietrich Bonhoeffer, the subject of my current paper. And, of course, a quick hello here.

I’ve actually spent the last two days on a lovely campground nearby, with outdoor breakfasts and morning devotions in a big white tent with the birds for choir, and late nights round a roaring splendor of a campfire. Thomas’ family runs a yearly summer youth camp and I’m joining for a couple of days to get the ‘camp’ experience that was so much part of his childhood. The laughter and prayers, the evening singing, the late nights of ‘gezellig’ moments round the campfire (a Dutch word that apparently has no direct translation to England, but think ‘cozy’ and you begin to get at it). The camp staff have kindly given me an inside room (instead of a tent) where I can perch on a bunk bed and work feverishly on my papers in between camp fun.

The theme for the camp is the ‘I Am’ statements of Jesus in the book of John. I am the Bread of Life. I am the Good Shepherd, etc., and the thoughts surrounding the talks have turned me back to yet another perusal of John’s Gospel, the one I have always felt at home in. The thoughts that follow from here were largely written several years ago during another sojourn in John, but as I read through John again I find them to be as radiantly true as ever and want to post them again as I find so much nourishment in John’s portrayal of Christ, particularly at the wedding at Cana. As I plan a wedding feast myself and consider how best to express the joy I find in marrying Thomas, I am struck by Jesus’ actions of renewal, of celebration, of generous (and perhaps rather amusing) gift.

The other Gospel writers seem to tell the story more from the outside in, relating the miracles, the teaching, those high and holy days of Jesus’ life from the viewpoint of what was seen. John tells it from this inside. He tells what it means. At least that’s the sense I get as I read. I feel often that he had an interior room within himself, a place where the Beloved spoke with him. From there he looked out on the spectacle and brilliance of what happened in Jesus’ life and perceived, not just the events, but the meaning of each, the great Reality unveiling itself in each action, word, and miracle. The Word became flesh and dwelt among us…

The first time through John I became aware of a certain theme in John’s storytelling; the way that Jesus invaded sacred or traditional spaces and retold their meaning with his words. He walked straight into days and spaces like the temple, the Sabbath, a Samaritan well, and by his words, his narration you could say, cleansed them of the fear and false law that had obscured the living presence of God within them. Take, for instance, the cleansing of the temple, the significance of the statement, “don’t make my Father’s house a place of business,” as if grace could be bought and sold, as if God’s favor were an object for which we could barter. Clean out, not just the doves and coins and dirt, but the assumptions that attend their presence, the consumer idea of salvation. In the cleansing of the temple, Jesus was renewing not just the physical spaces, but the ideas of the people who inhabited them.

Because of this realization, on my second read-through of John, I encountered the story of the wedding at Cana in a whole new way. And it rather stole my breath. I had always assumed this first miracle ought to be special in some way. This was the first flung challenge in the darkness, a sword of light unsheathed as Messiah began his unconventional conquest of men’s hearts. But the whole thing, if simply read straight through, is somewhat underwhelming. What’s more, I’ve rarely heard this story taught with any sense of excitement. Maybe its simply my own perception, but I feel that we often view this first miracle as a practice run, the flexing of Jesus’ miraculous fingers on insignificant wine before the real work of healing began. A divine token to mark the first try.

But early the other morning as I read this story for the second time in a month, read it with a mind not hurried, but willing to savor, I saw anew. I saw, I think, as John meant me to see, the way in which this story is is the prelude to the epic of the gospel, an embodied poem that told the tragedy of the world and hinted at a coming eucatastrophe. There is meaning, I think, in each word and action of this almost peripheral miracle. For it is the story of the very world told within the tale of a rural wedding feast. A feast that Messiah was about to save.

For in the beginning, not just of Jesus’ ministry, but in the making of the very world he had come to save, there was a wedding. Body and soul, God and man, a joyous joining that was a feast of existence put on by God himself and called life. Joy was the order of existence. Laughter the beat of heart and gladness the thrum of the very earth. The wedding that was creation was meant to inaugurate a world of love, of harmony, of continuous new creation. But the feast was shattered by sin and the marriage  brought to the very brink of collapse. The wine of life ran short, and it was us, God’s beloved who spilled it out, wasted his gift so that our own lives ran suddenly short. And the wedding feast of the world brought into being a whole human race of broken hearts.

But God was not a husband to be so easily defeated. No lover He, to be so quickly cast aside. The ages of the earth marched on and it seemed that the feast was  ended, the joy forever disrupted, the wine run short. But God never abandoned his Beloved. The feast was delayed, but by his own love it would be renewed, for even as we wept, he was planning the great gift that would save the wedding and cause the wine to freely flow again. The gift was himself, bundled up in flesh and blood, invading the earth so that he could take the hands and hold the heart of his beloved again. And when he came, the event he chose to announce his arrival?

A wedding feast. There was Jesus, the answer to the broken heart of the world. Just one more young man at a rural wedding party, he sat amidst a broken people and knew that he was the answer to every yearning of their hearts. The host and maker of the universe, if they but knew it, was the unassuming guest at a marriage that would become the event to announce the reconciliation of the world. All was set. The story was about to be renewed, the miracle announced.

I love it that Mary set the story in motion. She saw the lack of wine and she knew the shame at stake. But I think her insight carries a larger understanding. Perhaps in Mary’s remarkable heart was a sense of the symbolism of that moment. She was the human mother of God, more aware than any other human on earth of what had come, what dwelt so silently among the fallen and was about to be revealed. Perhaps when she confronted her Son with the disaster, she knew she was speaking of a larger lack, speaking to the deepest void in the human heart when she said, “the wine has run short.”

Jesus, in a voice I fully believe was playful and grave at once, says, “what is it to me?” A lively challenge. A parry and thrust, a question that could be our devastation if she really had to answer. For in the end, what ought it be to God? God gave humankind the world and we, the Beloved, cast it away. We flung his love back in his face and by our own choice squandered life itself. We are a band of impossible ingrates forever choosing against the one lover in all the world whose great affection gave us our being. What is it to God? Why should he stoop to save us from disaster?

But the mother of God knows, and I can almost see her steady eyes in that face shaped by a lifetime of “pondering these things.” This woman who has known the Holy Spirit and borne the baby God into the world knows that this is everything to God. For Jesus stands before her. Messiah came. If this weren’t everything to God her Son would never have been born. She smiles and turns.

“Do exactly what he says,” she tells the servants. And her words are an affirmation of faith in the action and grace of her God. He has come and he will save. Despite the stupidity of his Beloved, the fallen hearts, the corrupted loves, he has come to renew the feast, to save the marriage. We will be healed if we do what He commands and believe in the love of the great, redeeming Bridegroom.

Jesus, smiling I feel sure, acts. He points to six great vats set aside for… what? Ritual cleansing. Vats set aside to hold the water that has been our attempt to make ourselves enough before God, to keep the wine of mercy from running short. Throughout the long ages of sorrow, we have struggled toward God, reached for the mercy he still offered. Humankind has always attempted to become enough, to keep life and love and joy alive. But the wine always fails. And now, those symbols of man’s struggle and man’s failure to ever be clean or enough, the perennial symbol of his “fallen shortness” are what Jesus chooses for his first miracle.

“Fill them with water,” he commands. Let them brim afresh at his command. “Then,” he says, “take a dipper full to the steward and let him taste.”

And the water is turned to wine. Because Jesus has come, the struggle is going to end, the thirst will be slaked, the wedding feast of the world will swing back into being and it will be a revelry such as the world has never seen. Because of the coming of Jesus, the wine of life will never run short again. The sign has been accomplished, the first miracle flung, the first note of celebration sounded. Jesus goes quietly back to his seat, meets the beaming glance of his mother, and knows that his doom, and his glory, have at once begun. With his own life he will stay the shame of the world, save his bride and renew the wedding feast.

“You have saved the best for last,” sputters the astonished steward, stumbling up to the wedding party, holding out a wine finer than any he has tasted in his life.

And the best One in the world sits quietly amidst his people. Mary grasps the arm of her son, feels the pulse of his warm, sweet, human blood, touches the skin that houses God himself and knows that the wedding of the world has been restored. Perhaps she aches as well, knowing somehow that the wine required for this restoration is the blood of her son. But its giving is the seal of an eternal love, a marriage that never again will be broken. The feast begins anew, never now to end. The final word of the great lover God, the best word, is Jesus. And the wine of life will never run short again.

I like to think of my own wedding as one more joyous proclamation of this fact…

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My Comfort Books

My Comfort Books


Posted By on Jul 27, 2016

When the world is a tad grey or my mind too weary to see much good in it all, I usually sit down with a sigh on my little couch, pull my curtains closed and reach for a good book. While I do identify on some level with the three kinds of people mentioned in the last post, it is to books, most often a novel, that I usually turn in times of distress, discouragement, or general disillusionment with life. I think this is because usually what I am in need of is freshened sight, rekindled wonder, or just a good stiff dose of hope.

My best beloved stories are the ones in whose vision of the world I can dwell as in a shelter. I love books that allow me to see the beauty of the world afresh through their words, whose narrated worlds reaffirm the possibility in my own. Tolkien made quick, scornful work of the critics who accused readers of fantasy or fiction of ‘escapism’. The critics, huffed Tolkien, confuse ‘the escape of the prisoner with the flight of the deserter’. We read fantastical tales and imagined worlds not to escape reality, but to discover it afresh. When our capacity to see and wonder has been diminished by exhaustion, grief, or boredom, a fairy tale (or any good novel in my opinion) puts us in an imagined world where we realize anew ‘the potency of words, and the wonder of things such as stone, and wood, and iron; tree and grass; house and fire; bread and wine.’ (From the essay ‘On Fairy-Stories’.)

Tolkien’s word for it was Recovery. Recovery of vision, of wonder, of hope. And the books I read for comfort are the ones whose worlds help me to win back my own sense of wonder and with it, my will to create, to love, to work once more in my own circle of days. My favorites?

The Scent of Water by Elizabeth Goudge :: The tale of Mary, a competent and accomplished London woman who inherits a country home and decides to leave the whirl of modern life behind to inhabit the deep quiet of the countryside and keep faith with the wise and suffering woman who gave her the house. One of the most atmospheric stories I’ve ever encountered, this book has a power to still and nourish the soul by the sheer quality of description. Goudge doesn’t describe the echoing hush of a country night, she evokes it. You feel immersed in it, in her own thoughts as they turn toward prayer, her growing capacity for hush, and in that illusive thing called ‘the scent of water’.

Other beloveds by Goudge: Pilgrim’s Inn, The City of Bells, The Bird in the Tree, The Rosemary Tree, The Little White Horse

The Genesis Trilogy by Madeleine L’Engle :: I first read this when I was sixteen years old and heartily doubting God’s love. L’Engle, with her grateful joy in the beauty of the earth, her embrace of doubt as a way of walking toward faith, and her trust in the utter goodness of God’s love, restored my capacity to hope. In this trilogy, she takes biblical tales like those of Jacob, Abraham, and Adam, weaving them with memoir, poetry, and her own stories in a sort of contemplative journey toward faith.

Other beloveds by L’Engle: The Irrational Season, A Wrinkle in Time, Walking on Water

Remembering by Wendell Berry :: A strange, and at first, discomfiting book, this short novel is meant to liven the reader to the strange and estranging ways of the modern world. I didn’t like it at first. But as I read, as I journeyed with the protagonist Andy, as he faces his bitterness and disillusionment, discovering again the essential ‘blessedness’ of his life, I was able to grasp afresh the blessedness of my own, and the possibility of thanks that is always present because of the way we are held by the love of God and others, even when ‘we cannot hold’.

Other beloveds by Berry: Hannah Coulter, The Art of the Commonplace, Fidelity, Life is a Miracle

The Sign of Jonah by Thomas Merton :: I stumbled upon this book in a used bookstore several years ago. I didn’t expect anything dramatic, but as I explored this early journal of the famous monk and writer, Thomas Merton, I was refreshed and delighted by his workaday observations on life in a Trappist monastery. His small delights in a cloudscape or a note of music, his frustration with his brothers, his boredom with details, his hunger for something beyond the horizon matched the ruminations of my own restless soul and helped me to see that whether in the cloister or the world, the possibility of wonder, the presence of joy, and the need to love with grit and grace, are ever the same.

Other beloveds by Merton: Seeds of Contemplation, No Man is an Island, Bread in the Wilderness

Speak What We Feel (Not What We Ought to Say) by Frederich Buechner :: I read this when I’m sorrowing, angry, grieved, or just a bit peeved with the shatteredness of the world. With a title based on King Lear’s famous statement in the moment of his undoing (‘the weight of this sad time we must obey, speak what we feel, not what we ought to say’), Buechner examines four writers – Gerard Manley Hopkins, Mark Twain, Shakespeare, and G.K. Chesterton – whose times of greatest darkness forced them beyond the bounds of popularity or reason to speak, in story and poem, the deepest and hardest truths they knew. A beautiful account of the way that suffering can sometimes reveal hope in a depth and quality we have never touched before.

Other beloveds by Buechner: Telling the Truth: The Gospel as Comedy, Tragedy, and Fairy Tale, The Sacred Journey

The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien :: I think I will always return to this book as the one to ‘stab my spirit broad awake’ (as Robert Louis Stevenson says). Having encountered it in my first sorrow, I will always be shaped by its high beauty and alpine courage, its knowledge of pain and its pilgrim journey toward hope. The characters in Middle Earth taught me to live the hard life (which is all life in this world) well, and I will always return to its pages to remember that anew.

Anne of Avonlea by Lucy Maud Montgomery :: I simply can’t not include an Anne book. A couple of years ago I had a conversation with two other women my age about how a whole generation was raised to see the world along with Anne. That meant a world that sparkled with personality, with beauty that pulsed afresh every day, with quirky people to love, with boundless scope for imagination, and an endless supply of adventure. I wouldn’t trade a childhood immersed in these books for anything. Anne of Avonlea is one of my favorites because it is steeped in the homey world of Green Gables, but with Anne old enough to dream and desire and explore. I am always refreshed by a mental ramble in PEI.

Other beloveds by Montgomery: Anne’s House of Dreams, Rilla of Ingleside, The Golden Road, Emily of New Moon, Kilmeny of the Orchard

Tasha Tudor’s World :: This isn’t a novel, but it feels like a storybook. Tasha Tudor was an eccentric, stubborn, and utterly delightful old woman who lived the whole of her modern life (she died just a few years ago) in the style, rhythms, manners, and work of the early 19th century. A keeper of corgis and goats, a gardner extraordinaire, marvelous cook, and very beloved illustrator of children’s books she lived in her own vivid, chosen world of earth and garden, friendship and artwork and steadfastly kept it until the end. In a day and age whose work and craze seems intent on robbing the world of wonder, Tasha Tudor is an agent of re-enchantment for many, and I have always loved her for it.

I have so many more. I’m just getting to love Marilynne Robinson, I’ve long loved Evelyn Underhill. And Malcolm Guite’s poetry. But I must stop! Thank you so very much for the comments with lists of your own comfort books in the previous post. (Keep them coming!) I now have a booklist and wishlist to keep me in curiosity the rest of the year. I look so forward to discovering new worlds…

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Books for Comfort

Books for Comfort


Posted By on Jul 25, 2016

In the past two weeks I’ve gone home to beloved Colorado and flown back to merry old England, I’ve bought a wedding dress, written a paper, packed up most of my belongings, and carted three suitcases, the dress, and myself across the Atlantic. I’ve also reveled in long afternoons with my girls, pondered the adventurous (and mysterious) future, planned surprise parties, and danced with my sister and mom in the rain. All of which leaves me, on this golden and blue Oxford afternoon, glad and exhausted and definitely without a sentence to string coherently together.

So instead, I offer a rather humorous quip I found this morning as I was poking about in search of literary comfort. This from my oh-so-beloved Elizabeth Goudge:

Humanity can be roughly divided into three sorts of people – those who find comfort in literature, those who find comfort in personal adornment, and those who find comfort in food.

This really tickled me. I think I fit all three categories, though I proved her point by turning to a book for comfort for my ragged brain.

What sort are you?

And what have you recently read for comfort? (I love knowing the novels people return to again and again!)

I’ll publish my own official list of comfort books soon…

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We Need Imagination

We Need Imagination


Posted By on Jul 21, 2016

This high, bright Colorado day, I’m sitting in a coffee shop pounding away on a paper whose topic is heartbeat close to my rapidly-beating heart. It’s amazing the way a good idea can raise a pulse. My topic (with 5,000 words to follow) is ‘A Felt Change of Consciousness: Language and Imagination in Apologetic Endeavor’, which is a fancy way to say that we greatly need to recognize the power of imagination to communicate faith.

One of the trends of modernity that most distresses me is the assumption that truth can be tied to a list of analytical or even theological statements. Our post-enlightenment reliance on reason to describe and define reality leaves little room for the interior, experiential truth of imagination, the embodied truth of human love, or the knowledge of the holy that comes to us in faith and is a mystery. To define truth by reason alone is actually a profoundly secular way of seeing the world, one we have inherited from materialism (in which what we can physically see and describe is the only reality) rather than Scripture, in which the language of story, psalm, image, and metaphor are all employed to communicate the reality of a God who is beyond every descriptive word.

Of particular frustration to me is the fact that Christian apologetics wanting to meet a culture conditioned by the language of scientific materialism on its own terms, often operate only in the language of argument. While I greatly admire the work and intelligence of popular apologists, and recognize their impact, the truth is that their arguments are only one part of what is required by a holistic Christian apologetic. Because what Christians are inviting others to experience is not a different argument, but an entirely different way to see reality.

One of the most potent ways in which this can be offered is through works of imagination, because image, language, and story allow readers to inhabit a view of the world that is different than their own. In Owen Barfield’s description, a story or poem can allow us a ‘felt change of consciousness’ that presents reality to us in a ‘new and strange light’. C.S. Lewis, Tolkien, Malcolm Guite, Seamus Heaney, and countless other faith-driven writers and poets have argued powerfully for a language of invitation rather than argument, one that offers seekers a way to stand in the ‘marvelous light’ of a worldview rooted in Christ, perceiving afresh the beauty, hope, and reality of Christ redeeming the world and drawing us into a splendor we cannot yet imagine (however magnificent the stories we craft!)

This ‘felt change of consciousness’ was crucial to my own young faith. When I experienced disappointment and grief in my walk with God, it wasn’t an argument that convinced me of his goodness. It was inhabiting the worlds of Tolkien, Lewis, George Eliot, and G.K. Chesterton with their kind and heroic characters, their narratives of suffering and hope, and landscapes of quest, adventure and beauty. It was poetry and essay that brought my angsty soul to stillness, and renewed my capacity to see beauty in the every day, and thus to wonder at its Maker. By standing in the ‘new’ light of those authors, I was invited back into the reality of faith, and they help me to dwell there everyday.

And now I really need to return to my paper, but the point of this is simply to say… go out and read a story today. Read a good tale to your children, read a heartening novel that takes grief and courage and weaves them into hope. Read a poem that revives your vision and allows you to delight. Read a psalm that gives you the right to sorrow, and to let the lament help you to glimpse the eternal. Don’t submit to a culture that sees everything in terms of what can be observed and rationalized. Rather, immerse yourself in the holy imagination of writers who used language and imagination to gesture toward the eternal.

I’ll stop my rant now. I’m off to read some Tolkien.

(PS: I meant to add a list of the books shaping this essay and answering so many if my questions: ‘Imaginative Apologetics’ edited by Andrew Davison, ‘Faith, Hope and Poetry’ by Malcolm Guite, ‘Poetic Diction’ by Owen Barfield, ‘Planet Narnia’ by Michael Ward, C.S. Lewis in entirety, and the essay ‘On Fairy Stories’ by Tolkien.)

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